Data about the 'key' benefits for clients are merged together to create
"Client Group" data, providing information about whether a client is on more
than one benefit. The client groups are Clients of Working Age; Clients of State
Pension Age; and Children.
The Statistical Group typology for the client groups presents each person by
the main reason they are in contact with the Department.
The key benefits which currently form the Working Age Client Group include
the following benefits; Bereavement Benefit, Carer's Allowance, Disability
Living Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance (from November 2008),
Incapacity Benefit, Income Support, Jobseeker's Allowance and Widow's Benefit.
These benefits are arranged hierarchically and claimants are assigned to the
topmost benefit which they receive. Thus a person who is a lone parent and
receives Incapacity Benefit would be classified as 'Employment and Support
Allowance and incapacity benefits', whereas someone receiving both Bereavement
Benefit and Disability Living Allowance would be classified as 'Disabled'. For
this reason the group 'Lone Parent', for example will not contain all lone
parents claiming Income Support. Some will be included in the 'Employment and
Support Allowance and incapacity benefits' group instead.
|Benefit being claimed
||Title of group|
|Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit or Severe
||Employment and Support Allowance and incapacity benefits|
|Income Support with a child under 16 and no partner
|Other Income Support (including IS Disability Premium) or Pension
||Other on Income Related Benefit|
|Disability Living Allowance, Attendance Allowance or Industrial
|Widow's Benefit, Bereavement Benefit or Industrial Death Benefit
|Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit1
|State Pension and no other benefit
||Claiming State Pension only|
1. At present Housing Benefit (HB), Council Tax Benefit (CTB) and
Industrial Injuries Benefits are not included in WPLS. HB and CTB are expected
to be added in the future. This group does not yet appear in the
Lone Parent Obligations: From 24th November 2008 lone parent
obligations (LPOs) were introduced and lone parents with a youngest child aged
12 or over were no longer able to make a new or repeat claim for Income Support
(IS) solely on the basis of their parental status. Existing IS LPs with a
youngest child aged 12 or over had their eligibility removed over a period of
time commencing 2nd March 2009. From October 2009 this policy was extended to
LPs with a youngest child aged 10 or 11 and from October 2010, to LPs with a
youngest child aged 7 or over. The Welfare Reform Act 2012 introduced further changes and from 21 May 2012 lone parents will only be eligible to claim Income Support until their youngest child is five years old.
Most effected LPs will leave IS and claim
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA). However, there are exceptions to these rules where
the youngest child can legitimately be over the ages mentioned above. Similarly,
some former LPs remain on IS for other reasons (e.g. they have a long term
caring responsibility and claim Carer's Allowance). Through analysis of the
effected claimants over the next quarters, it can be decided if there is a
requirement to change the structure of IS LP statistics. In the meantime, the IS
LP series will continue to be defined as 'single IS claimants with a child under
The effect of Tax Credits: From April 2003 figures in this, and future
DWP publications, are affected by the introduction of Child Tax Credits (CTC).
The main changes are:
- Child dependency increases paid with non-income related benefits were
abolished for new claims to State Pension, Bereavement Benefit, Incapacity
Benefit and Carer's Allowance from April 2003.
- From April 2003 onwards, CTC replaced the child elements of Income Support
(IS) and income-based Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA(IB)) for those with a Tax
Equalisation of State Pension Age: The age at which women reach State Pension age is gradually increasing from 60 to 65 between April 2010 and April 2016 to November 2018. Under current legislation, State Pension age for men and women is planned to increase to: 66 between November 2018 and October 2020; 67 between 2034 and 2036; 68 between 2044 and 2046. This will introduce a small increase to the number of working age benefit recipients and a small reduction to the number of pension age recipients. Figures from May 2010 onwards reflect this change. More information is available by clicking here.
Parliamentary Constituency Boundary Changes: As at the 2010 United
Kingdom General Election, on 6th May 2010, the Parliamentary Constituency
boundaries changed. From May 2010 data these changes are reflected in the
Tabulation Tool. More information is available by clicking
here. As at the 2011 Scottish Parliamentary Election, the Scottish
Parliamentary Constituency boundaries changed. From May 2011 data these changes
are reflected in the Tabulation Tool. More information is available by clicking here.
Local Authority Boundary Changes: On 1st April 2009, the
reorganisation of the Local Authorities of England created nine new unitary
authorities (UAs). From May 2009 these changes were reflected in the Tabulation
Coverage: All cases in payment in Great Britain, plus claimants residing abroad. This excludes cases in Northern Ireland. More information about benefits in Northern Ireland is available by clicking here. More information on claiming benefits whilst living abroad can be found by clicking here.
The Tabulation Tool shows a small number of new claims for Incapacity
Benefit (IB) and Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) following the cessation of
new claims for IB in February 2011 and SDA in April 2001. Investigations are
ongoing, but these are likely to be the result of people returning to incapacity
benefits following an appeal and ongoing claims which have been rebuilt on the
computer system. Further information will be provided when it becomes available.