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Tabulation Tool : Working Age Client Group

Accessible Tabulation Tool (Non-JavaScript)
Working Age Client Group
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Useful Resources and Sites
Information on Resource Link to Resource Return to TabTool
"Key Out of Work Benefits: May 2016View ResourceTop of page
"One click" statistical group time seriesView ResourceTop of page
"One click" Working Age claimants of key out-of-work benefitsView ResourceTop of page
"One-Click" Region time seriesView ResourceTop of page
"One click" Gender time seriesView ResourceTop of page
"One-Click" Age of Incapacity Benefits claimants timeseriesView ResourceTop of page
"One-Click" duration time seriesView ResourceTop of page
Northern Ireland Benefit StatisticsView ResourceTop of page
Guidance for usersView ResourceTop of page
Statistical SummaryView ResourceTop of page
NOMIS - official labour market statisticsView ResourceTop of page
Office for National StatisticsView ResourceTop of page
Office for National Statistics Labour Market StatisticsView ResourceTop of page

Background Information
Summary Return to TabTool
Data about the 'key' benefits for clients are merged together to create "Client Group" data, providing information about whether a client is on more than one benefit. The client groups are Clients of Working Age; Clients of State Pension Age; and Children.

The Statistical Group typology for the client groups presents each person by the main reason they are in contact with the Department.

The key benefits which currently form the Working Age Client Group include the following benefits; Bereavement Benefit, Carer's Allowance, Disability Living Allowance, Employment and Support Allowance (from November 2008), Incapacity Benefit, Income Support, Jobseeker's Allowance and Widow's Benefit.

These benefits are arranged hierarchically and claimants are assigned to the topmost benefit which they receive. Thus a person who is a lone parent and receives Incapacity Benefit would be classified as 'Employment and Support Allowance and incapacity benefits', whereas someone receiving both Bereavement Benefit and Disability Living Allowance would be classified as 'Disabled'. For this reason the group 'Lone Parent', for example will not contain all lone parents claiming Income Support. Some will be included in the 'Employment and Support Allowance and incapacity benefits' group instead.

Benefit being claimed Title of group
Jobseeker's Allowance Jobseekers
Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit or Severe Disablement Allowance Employment and Support Allowance and incapacity benefits
Income Support with a child under 16 and no partner Lone Parent
Carer's Allowance Carer
Other Income Support (including IS Disability Premium) or Pension Credit Other on Income Related Benefit
Disability Living Allowance, Attendance Allowance or Industrial Injuries benefits Disabled
Widow's Benefit, Bereavement Benefit or Industrial Death Benefit Bereaved
Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit1 Housing related
State Pension and no other benefit Claiming State Pension only

1. At present Housing Benefit (HB), Council Tax Benefit (CTB) and Industrial Injuries Benefits are not included in WPLS. HB and CTB are expected to be added in the future. This group does not yet appear in the statistics.

Lone Parent Obligations: From 24th November 2008 lone parent obligations (LPOs) were introduced and lone parents with a youngest child aged 12 or over were no longer able to make a new or repeat claim for Income Support (IS) solely on the basis of their parental status. Existing IS LPs with a youngest child aged 12 or over had their eligibility removed over a period of time commencing 2nd March 2009. From October 2009 this policy was extended to LPs with a youngest child aged 10 or 11 and from October 2010, to LPs with a youngest child aged 7 or over. The Welfare Reform Act 2012 introduced further changes and from 21 May 2012 lone parents will only be eligible to claim Income Support until their youngest child is five years old. Most effected LPs will leave IS and claim Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA). However, there are exceptions to these rules where the youngest child can legitimately be over the ages mentioned above. Similarly, some former LPs remain on IS for other reasons (e.g. they have a long term caring responsibility and claim Carer's Allowance). Through analysis of the effected claimants over the next quarters, it can be decided if there is a requirement to change the structure of IS LP statistics. In the meantime, the IS LP series will continue to be defined as 'single IS claimants with a child under 16'.

The effect of Tax Credits: From April 2003 figures in this, and future DWP publications, are affected by the introduction of Child Tax Credits (CTC). The main changes are:

  • Child dependency increases paid with non-income related benefits were abolished for new claims to State Pension, Bereavement Benefit, Incapacity Benefit and Carer's Allowance from April 2003.
  • From April 2003 onwards, CTC replaced the child elements of Income Support (IS) and income-based Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA(IB)) for those with a Tax Credits award.

Equalisation of State Pension Age: The age at which women reach State Pension age is gradually increasing from 60 to 65 between April 2010 and April 2016 to November 2018. Under current legislation, State Pension age for men and women is planned to increase to: 66 between November 2018 and October 2020; 67 between 2034 and 2036; 68 between 2044 and 2046. This will introduce a small increase to the number of working age benefit recipients and a small reduction to the number of pension age recipients. Figures from May 2010 onwards reflect this change. More information is available by clicking here.

Parliamentary Constituency Boundary Changes: As at the 2010 United Kingdom General Election, on 6th May 2010, the Parliamentary Constituency boundaries changed. From May 2010 data these changes are reflected in the Tabulation Tool. More information is available by clicking here. As at the 2011 Scottish Parliamentary Election, the Scottish Parliamentary Constituency boundaries changed. From May 2011 data these changes are reflected in the Tabulation Tool. More information is available by clicking here.

Local Authority Boundary Changes: On 1st April 2009, the reorganisation of the Local Authorities of England created nine new unitary authorities (UAs). From May 2009 these changes were reflected in the Tabulation Tool.

Coverage: All cases in payment in Great Britain, plus claimants residing abroad. This excludes cases in Northern Ireland. More information about benefits in Northern Ireland is available by clicking here. More information on claiming benefits whilst living abroad can be found by clicking here.

The Tabulation Tool shows a small number of new claims for Incapacity Benefit (IB) and Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) following the cessation of new claims for IB in February 2011 and SDA in April 2001. Investigations are ongoing, but these are likely to be the result of people returning to incapacity benefits following an appeal and ongoing claims which have been rebuilt on the computer system. Further information will be provided when it becomes available.

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Details on breakdowns
Variable Information on Variable Return to TabTool
Caseload (Thousands) Number of clients on the administrative system at the reference date. These figures are shown in thousands, rounded to the nearest ten cases. So, 12,345 is shown as 12.35 thousand. Top of page
Time Series These tables represent the situation at a specific point in time, called the reference date. Using "Time Series" in the row of the table gives statistics for all dates available. Top of page
Region Regions (formerly Government Office Regions) are assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory. More information and a map of Regions is available here. Top of page
Local Authority of claimant Local Authorities are assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory. More information and a map is available here. Top of page
Parliamentary Constituency of claimant (Westminster) Westminster Parliamentary Constituencies are assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory. Boundaries are as at the reference date. More information and a map is available here. Top of page
Partner flag Whether the claimant has a partner, as recorded on the administrative system. Top of page
Scottish Parliamentary Constituency of claimant Scottish Parliamentary Constituencies are assigned by matching postcodes against the relevant postcode directory. Boundaries are as at the reference date. They are used within the Scottish Parliament, for Westminster boundaries please use the "Parliamentary Constituency of claimant (Westminster)" variable. Top of page
Gender of claimant Gender as recorded on the benefit system. Top of page
Statistical Group The statistical group of the client which is based on the combination of benefits being claimed. Top of page
Age of claimant Age is calculated at the reference date. It is derived from the reference date and the client's date of birth. Top of page
Benefit combination The combination of benefits a client is claiming. Top of page
Duration of oldest current claim The duration of the oldest benefit which the client is currently claiming. For claimants who are receiving two or more benefits concurrently, this duration variable relates to the oldest current claim. This means, for example, that someone who has been receiving support while in work, such as through Disability Living Allowance, and who continues to claim DLA when moving onto an out-of-work benefit such as Jobseeker's Allowance, will have their duration calculated based on the length of their current DLA claim and not their length of time as a jobseeker. For accurate information on the length of time people have been claiming JSA as a jobseeker, it is necessary to use data from the ONS Labour Market Statistics Historical Supplement or, for breakdowns where seasonally adjusted data is not available, the "claimant count - age and duration" section of Nomis. Top of page
Number of children The number of dependants includes children aged 0-16 for whom additional benefit is paid and those aged 16-18 in full time education. Data about children is affected by the introduction of Tax Credits in April 2003. Top of page
Age of youngest child dependant Age is calculated at the reference date. It is derived from the reference date and the child's date of birth. Top of page


Information on using this Tool
Summary Return to TabTool
How to use the Tool

There are two ways of using the Tool: to produce bespoke tabulations to your requirements or use our "One-click" tables to give you an overview of the benefit or scheme in which you are interested. You can save the tables as a text file or an html which can then be opened in a spreadsheet program.

Simply select the benefit or scheme you are interested in. Then the "One-click" tables can be found in the "Useful Resources" section.

Defining bespoke tables takes you through a step-by-step process to specify the table structure. This section describes what each step means, together with two examples:

STEP 1: BENEFIT/SCHEME In the box at the top of this page chose the benefit or scheme about which you want statistics.

STEP 2: ANALYSIS Choose the type of information you want displayed in the body of the table. Example choices are: caseload (i.e. number of people), average amount in payment or percentage of population.

STEP3: ROW Choose from the list the breakdown you would like to use for the rows of the table.

STEP 4: COLUMN Choose from the list the breakdown you would like to use for the columns of the table.

STEP 5: SUBSET You can table your statistics for a subset of the whole caseload. Leave Subset as NONE if you do not want to select a specific group, otherwise select the breakdown you want to use to subset the table.

STEP 6: CATEGORY Choose the category that you want to use to subset the table. This option will not be available if you have not chosen a Subset in the previous selection.

STEP 7: DATE Choose the date which you would like the information to relate to. This option is not avaiable if you have already chosen "Time Series" in the row or column of your table.

STEP 8: GET TABLE Click the Get Table button and your data is displayed in a web page: you can save the table, print it or go back to redefine your selection.

Example 1 builds a time series table for statistical groups, restricted to male Income Support claimants. Example 2 gets data for Disability Living Allowance claimants, age and gender at May 2005.

Step Action
Example 1
Benefit/Scheme Income Support
Analysis Caseload
Row Time Series
Column Statistical Group
Subset Gender
Category Male
Date Not applicable because of time series selection
Example 2
Benefit/Scheme Disability Living Allowance
Analysis Caseload
Row Age
Column Gender
Subset NONE
Category Not applicable as no page selection
Date May 2005
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